2016 Broodmares of the Year

Posted by Larry Thornton on 06/27/2017
Fredda Draper home-bred Co-Broodmare of the Year Jenuine Joy. She and her late husband, trainer Carl Draper, built a successful racing stable on their breeding and training program.
Imperial Eagle, winner of the 2016 All American Futurity-G1, 2016 Southwest Juvenile Championship-G1, and 2016 Sunland Park Winter Juvenile Invitational.
Carl Pevehouse, with daughter Cheryl (left) and wife Rozella (right), built a line of runners that carry “candy” in their name, including 2016 Broodmare of the Year Jess Send Candy and three of the mare’s four 2016 stakes winners.
2-time 2015 Champion Jess Good Candy, winner of the 2016 Ruidoso Derby-G1 & 2016 Mr Master Bug H.
This Candys Awesome, winner of the 2016 Juno’s Request Stakes-G2.
Send Me This Wagon, winner of the 2016 AQHA Members Plus Stakes.
Honeymoon Candy, winner of the 2016 Prairie Meadows Distaff Challenge.
Jenuine Joy was led to the 2016 Broodmare of the Year title by 2016 Champion 2 Year Old, Champion 2-Year-Old Gelding Imperial Eagle.
Jess Send Candy had five starters in 2016, including four stakes winners, that led her to the Broodmare of the Year title.
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Speedlines

The 2016 Speedhorse Broodmare of the Year contest came down to a dual between Jenuine Joy and Jess Send Candy. The result was a dead-heat with both mares earning nine points and the honor of Speedhorse Co-Broodmares of the Year. We have previously covered each of these mares when their sons Imperial Eagle (in 2016) and Jess Good Candy (in 2015) won their respective All American Futurities, so I set out this time to take a little different approach to their pedigrees. That took me to the blood of a Thoroughbred stallion named Teddy and how this sire influences the pedigrees of these two mares and the overall breed in general.  

Teddy was sired by Ajax and out of Rondeau by Bay Ronald. Edmond Blanc, a French breeder who had purchased Flying Fox, the grandsire of Teddy, bred Teddy. Blanc purchased Flying Fox at the dispersal of horses owned by the Englishman Hugh Lupus, the Duke of Westminster. Lupus was a top breeder in England and bred two English Triple Crown winners, Flying Fox being one of them.

Teddy was foaled in 1913 and raced in France and Spain, earning 145,000 F (francs). He won six of eight starts, including the Gran Prix of San Sebastian at a mile and a half. Teddy was retired to stud in 1918 and is sire to noted runners as Prin d I’Arc de Triomphe winner Orthello, French Two Thousand Guineas winner Sir Gallahad III, and Champion Stakes winner Asterus.

Teddy was a distance/stamina specialist, which became an important influence on racehorses with an impact on speed. Teddy is the sire of Bull Dog, his full brother Sir Gallahad III, Case Ace, and the great mare La Troienne. These four horses are significant in the Teddy contribution as a foundation sire, and they show up in the pedigree of many speed-bred runners.

Jenuine Joy

Jenuine Joy was home-bred by Fredda Draper. Her 2014 gelding Imperial Eagle was the leader of her path to the Broodmare of the Year title. Imperial Eagle was the 2016 leading money earner with $1,721,507 in earnings as well as the 2016 Champion 2 Year Old and Champion 2-Year-Old Gelding. Jenuine Joy was recently sold. She was purchased in January of 2017 by Sammy Valeriano of Odessa, Texas.

Fredda Draper and her late husband Carl got their start in Quarter Horse racing when Carl became a trainer in the 1970’s. The Drapers built a successful racing stable that came into prominence when Fredda Draper and Don Moler formed a partnership in DM Shicago and won the 2004 All American Futurity with Carl as the trainer. Carl would come back to the All American Futurity winner’s circle for a second time as the trainer of Heartswideopen in 2007. 

The Draper plan from the beginning was to breed or buy the horses they would add to their racing stable. The idea was to have ownership, or at least part ownership, of the horses in their racing stable. The breeding of horses for the stable led to the adding of broodmares to the program. One of the mares that was added was Super Perla Negra, a daughter of Super Duper Couper. She finished first, second or third in 14 of her 34 starts with a racing ROM and went to the Draper broodmare band after her career on the track. When bred to Genuine Strawfly, Super Perla Negra produced Jenuine Joy, the 2016 Speedhorse Co-Broodmare of the Year.

Jenuine Joy was foaled in 2006 and didn’t meet with success on the track until 2010 and 2011. She had to recover from a shoulder injury in a starting gate incident at the age of two, but Jenuine Joy returned to the track to win five stakes races, including the Lou Wooten/Sydney Valentini Stakes-RG1 and the Four Corners Senora Stakes in 2010. She also won the Mesilla Valley Speed Handicap-RG2, the Tommy “Duke” Smith Handicap-RG2, and the Zia Handicap-RG2 in 2011. Jenuine Joy had 15 starts, eight wins, one second, and two thirds, earning $382,230 on the track.

“Let me tell you, she could run,” Fredda said of Jenuine Joy’s speed. “I look at her win pictures and there was no tailwind when she ran 350 yards in :16.76 at Sunland Park. She ran the Tommy Duke Handicap, and Larry Payne said it was a good thing he took a deep seat as she ran 400 yards in :19.87. She also ran the 400-yard Lou Wooten in :18.907. She could fly.”

A look at the pedigree of Jenuine Joy indicates she carries the tried and true blood of horses like Special Effort, Dash For Cash, and Beduino TB - all typical bloodlines found in racing Quarter Horse pedigrees today. But on further investigation, her pedigree is also influenced by Teddy TB through some key individuals.

Genuine Strawfly, the sire of Jenuine Joy, was late meeting his potential on the track. Trained by Carl Draper, he went 0 for 3 at two, but came back at 3 to win the All American Derby-G1 and the Ruidoso Derby-G1. He earned $181,091 with four wins and two seconds from 14 starts. Genuine Strawfly is the sire of over $7 million. His leading money earners include One Diamond Kitty ($559,302), Herekittykittykitty ($556,824), and Genuine American ($318,013).

The sire of Genuine Strawfly is Strawfly Special, winner of the 1999 Southern California Derby. Strawfly Special, raced by Jack Hall of Corona, California, is a multiple stakes placed runner with a second in the Bay Meadows Futurity-G1. He earned $222,920 from 25 starts with 11 wins, 4 seconds, and 3 thirds. 

Strawfly Special was sold to Jens L. List, Jr., where he stood at the Double Bar S Ranch in Temecula, California. He sired the earners of $25,837,635. His leading money earner is 1999 and 2001 World Champion Taylor Fit ($1,296,752). Strawfly Special is also the sire of the All American Futurity-G1 winners Streakin Flyer (in 1996) and Ausual Suspect (in 2001).

Strawfly Special is by Ruidoso Triple Crown winner Special Effort, owned by Dan and Jolene Urschel. The only horse ever to win the Ruidoso Triple Crown, Special Effort won the Kansas, Rainbow and All American Futurities in 1981 and was named World Champion that year. He won 13 of 14 starts and earned $1,219,950.

Special Effort is the sire $18,816,626, including 1,048 ROM and 75 stakes winners. His stakes winners include Champions Special Leader, Easygo Effort, Special Project, Bully Bullion, Sweet N Special, Special Phoebe, and Concorde Special.

Special Effort is by Raise Your Glass TB and out of Go Effortlessly, by Double Devil. When we look back in the pedigree of Special Effort, we see that he serves as an outcross on horses like Three Bars TB and Top Deck TB. If we go back far enough into his pedigree, we see familiar Thoroughbred names like Broomstick, Sweep, Fair Play, Chicaro, and Stephan The Great. We also find these horses in the pedigrees of Thoroughbreds like Top Deck, Three Bars and Depth Charge as sources of speed for the American Quarter Horse. Teddy serves as an outcross in the pedigree of Special Effort.

Special Effort has a pedigree pattern of 5 X 7 X 6 X 5 to Teddy, carrying Teddy through his Thoroughbred sons Bull Dog and Case Ace. Bull Dog is the sire of Spotted Bull and Bull Lea. Bull Lea is the broodmare sire of Barbizon, the broodmare sire of Raise Your Glass. Case Ace is the broodmare sire of Raise A Native, the sire of Raise Your Glass.

The blood of Teddy through Spotted Bull comes from Go Effortlessly, the dam of Special Effort. Spotted Bull is both the sire of Hijo Beauty TB, the dam of Go Effortlessly, and the broodmare sire of Double Devil TB, the sire of Go Effortlessly. This gives Go Effortlessly a breeding pattern of 3 X 2 to Spotted Bull. This completes the 5 X 7 X 6 X 5 breeding pattern to Teddy in the pedigree of Special Effort. Special Effort also has a fifth cross to Teddy in the 9th generation, giving him a 5 X 7 X 9 X 5 X 6 breeding pattern.

The dam of Strawfly Special is Fly In The Pie by Pie In The Sky. Pie In The Sky is another All American Futurity-G1 winner that was owned and raced by Dan and Jolene Urschel. Pie In The Sky is by Easy Jet and out of Miss Jelly Roll by Roulade TB.

The dam of Fly In The Pie is Flying Rockette by Rocket Bar TB. The dam of Flying Rockette is Fly Straw by Jackstraw TB. What makes this so interesting is that Jackstraw is by Silver Horde, a full brother to Spotted Bull, thus giving us another Teddy line in the pedigree of Jenuine Joy.

The dam of Genuine Strawfly is High Fashion Dash by Dash For Cash. The blood of Teddy can be found in Dash For Cash through his broodmare sire, the Thoroughbred To Market. The broodmare sire of To Market is Johnstown. The dam of Johnstown is La France by Sir Gallahad III. Then, we see the dam of La France is Flambette TB, who is out of La Flambee by Ajax, the sire of Teddy. 

The dam of High Fashion Dash is Genuine Knockout by Special Effort. This gives Genuine Strawfly a breeding pattern of 2 X 3 to Special Effort and a pedigree that is highly influenced by the blood of Teddy. 

As said earlier, one of the mares the Draper’s added to their breeding program was Super Perla Negra. She is a daughter multiple stakes finalist Super Duper Couper ($73,131), who placed first, second or third in nine of his 14 starts including a second in the Rainbow Derby-G1. Super Duper Couper has a limited sire record of 15 starters and 13 ROM from 28 foals with cumulative earnings of $667,110.

The sire of Super Duper Couper is Coup De Kas, a Thoroughbred that the Drapers are fond of in their pedigrees. Coup De Kas earned $88,220 with 14 starts and five wins, including in the Youthful Stakes. Coup De Kas sired Quarter Horse runners with earnings of $4,565,837, including 240 ROM and 21 stakes winners. His leading earner is Develop A Plan ($358,558).

Coup De Kas is by Kaskaskia by Catullus by Roman, who was widely known for his sprinting ability winning such races as the 5 1/2-furlong Hyde Park Stakes, the 6-furlong Chicago Handicap, and the 6-furlong Toboggan Handicap. Roman is by Sir Gallahad III, a full brother to Bull Dog. Catallus is out of Secret Story by Spy Song. The dam of Secret Story is Belle Histoire, a daughter of La Troienne by Teddy TB. Kaskaskia is out of Cymbidium by Bimelech. The dam of Bimelech is La Troienne by Teddy. 

The dam of Coup De Kas is Mor Coup, who is out of Re Bley by Bley, who is out of Bubbley by Bull Lea by Bull Dog by Teddy. The dam of Re Bley is Recoup by Revoked, who is out of Galla Belle by Sir Gallahad III by Teddy TB. This gives Coup De Kas a breeding pattern of 5 X 6 X 5 X 7 X 7 to Teddy, making him an outcross in the scheme of things.  

More Teddy

There is more Teddy in the pedigree of Jenuine Joy. Wendy Feature, the dam of Super Duper Couper, is by Jerry Crow TB. A look at pedigree of Jerry Crow will show he has a 5 X 5 X 6 X 7 breeding pattern to Teddy. Three Ofeature is the dam of Wendy Feature and she is out of Eightohthree, who is sired by Three Oh’s, a son of Oh My Oh by Spotted Bull, by Bull Dog, by Teddy. Eightohthree has at least one more cross to Teddy with her dam Lady Bar Eight by Eight Again, whose dam is Late Again who is out of Lay Off by Sun Teddy by Teddy.

Red Tag Sale is the dam of Super Perla Negra. She gets some Teddy blood through her sire Young Beduino. Young Beduino carries Teddy blood through his sire Beduino TB. Jo-Ann-Cat, the dam of Beduino, has a breeding pattern of 5 X 5 X 3 to Teddy. Her sire Rejected is by Revoked, who is out of Galla Belle by Sir Gallahad III. The dam of Rejected is Sable Scarf by Sir Gallahad III. Quick Eye, the dam of Jo-Ann-Cat, is out of Eye To Eye by Teddy. 

The blood of Teddy flows through Jenuine Joy coming from some great individuals and that takes us to the question—How does the Teddy blood appear in Imperial Eagle through his sire?

Imperial Eagle set the track on fire in late 2016 with not only his All American Futurity-G1 win, but also his wins in the Southwest Juvenile Championship-G1 and Sunland Park Winter Juvenile Invitational.

One Famous Eagle is by Mr Jess Perry, a stallion that needs no introduction. He is by Streakin La Jolla by Streakin Six. The dam of Streakin La Jolla is Bottoms Up by Raise Your Glass TB, who has two crosses to Teddy. The dam of Bottoms Up is La Jolla by St Bar TB, who is out of Belle St Mary by Spotted Bull. The dam of Mr Jess Perry is Scoopie Fein by Sinn Fein by Three Oh’s, who is out of Oh My Oh by Spotted Bull TB.

The dam of One Famous Eagle is One Famous Lady by Chicks Beduino by Beduino TB. We have seen that Beduino gets his Teddy blood through his dam Jo-Ann-Cat, who is double bred to Teddy. One Slick Cookie is the dam of One Famous Lady and she gets her Teddy blood through Find A Buyer TB, the dam Dash For Cash, One Slick Cookie’s sire. Pfeffernusse, the dam of One Slick Cookie, gets some Teddy blood through her sire Tiny’s Gay by Tiny Watch by Anchor Watch TB and out of Clabber Tiny, both carrying the blood of Teddy. 

Jess Send Candy

Jess Send Candy was bred by the late Carl Pevehouse and is still owned by his family at PV Quarter Horse Farms LLC. Jess Send Candy had five starters in 2016, including four stakes winners in Send Me This Wagon, This Candys Awesome, Honeymoon Candy and Jess Good Candy, as her path to the Broodmare of the Year title. Her list of 2016 stakes winners was headed by Jess Good Candy, winner of two 2016 stakes races including the Ruidoso Derby-G1. 

Carl Pevehouse took an interest in racehorses as a young man and that interest carried him through his life. He liked to watch them run, but he liked to watch the ones that he bred run even more. The Pevehouse breeding program is built through a line of horses that today we know as the runners with “candy” in their name.

Carl told Stacy Pigott in a 2012 Speedhorse article titled “Faith, Heart And A Little Candy” how he came to use “candy” as a part of naming of foals. “I had a horse running in Louisiana at that time named I Got Style,” he said. “I was in a race at Delta Downs and I was on the slope at the finish line and there was a big guy standing down in front of me. Now, this fella stood 6’3” or 6’4” and probably weighed 300 pounds. When they opened that gate, here they come. The horse he was betting on was named See The Lady Go. And he was jumping up and hollering, ’Come on See The Lady Go! See The Lady Go, baby! Send me candy! Send me candy!’ He just repeated it, and he’d jump every so often. We were laughing at him and trying to watch the race at the same time. My horse barely outran See The Lady Go, by a head maybe. He turned around and come up beside me with his head slumped down and said, ’There won’t be no candy today, baby.’”  

The Pevehouse candy line of horses was founded by a mare named Three’s Gal, a daughter of Bar Three by Three Bars TB, and out of Okmulgee Gal by Blondie Hancock. Three’s Gal is the dam of 11 foals, nine starters, six ROM, and two stakes winners. The horse that drew Pevehouse to this mare was one of her stakes winners, Gal Watcher by Tiny Watch, who won the 1971 Texas Futurity.

Pevehouse bought two daughters of Three’s Gal - Everetta Gal and Dough Gal. Dough Gal started a major branch of the “candy” line of horses. She was by Moon Dough by Top Moon. Dough Gal earned her ROM on the track with an 86 speed index.   

Dough Gal produced four ROM from seven starters, including Short Tail Gal by Chautos, Send Me Candy by Tiny’s Gay, Bouguets and Candy both by Nip N Dude, and Pevehouse Candy by Seventy One North. Her leading money earner is Send Me Candy. This mare earned black type with a second in the Mystery Derby, finishing first or second in eight of her 14 starts.

Send Me Candy was closely related to Gal Watcher, the 1971 Texas Futurity winner that Pevehouse was so fond of as a racehorse. She was by Tiny’s Gay by Tiny Watch. Dough Gal, the dam of Send Me Candy, was by Moon Dough and out of Three’s Gal, the dam of Gal Watcher.

Tiny Watch was double-bred through his sire and dam to Teddy. The sire of Tiny Watch is Anchor Watch TB by Degage by Bull Lea by Bull Dog by Teddy. The dam of Tiny Watch is Clabber Tiny, who was out of Tiny Iny TB by Perfoix by Gallant Fox, by Sir Gallahad III, by Teddy.

Send Me Candy produced the earners of $618,627 from 13 foals/ROM, with nine of them receiving a speed index of 90 or above. Her runners include three stakes winners. Her first stakes winner was Send The Gals Candy, winner of the Sunland Fall Futurity-G2, Town Policy Handicap-G3, and Los Ninos Handicap.

Another stakes winner out of Send Me Cand is 1996 Remington Park Futurity-G1 winner Send Me The Candy by Leaving Memories. He was a qualifier to the Kansas Futurity-G1 and All American Futurity-G1, earning blacktype with a third in the Sophomore Classic-G2. He won $112,121 in two years of racing. Leaving Memories is the sire of nearly $7.5 million, including his leading money earner Katsy Star Quest ($416,542).

Leaving Memories is by First Down Dash by Dash For Cash. The dam of Leaving Memories is Sweet Blush by Hempen TB. The dam of Sweet Blush is Quincy Rocket by Rocket Bar TB. Dash For Cash gets his Teddy blood from his broodmare sire To Market TB. To Market is out of Pretty Does by Johnstown, who is out of La France by Sir Gallahad III by Teddy TB. The dam of La France is Flambette, who is out of La Flambee by Teddy TB.

Send Me the Candy is the dam of $1,108,340 in earners with 20 ROM, three stakes winners, and four stakes placed runners. Her stakes winners are This Candys Special, This Candys Royal, and Send Me A Candy Tree. Her four stakes placed runners are Eye On This Candy, Eyesa Candy Horse, Eyesa Candy Maker, and Send The Candy Wagon.

Send Me The Candy is the dam of Jess Send Candy, our Co-Broodmare of the Year. Jess Send Candy won one race and scored a second in another from four starts. She received her ROM with a 95 speed index and earned $7,153 on the track.

The sire of Jess Send Candy is Mr Jess Perry, the #2 all-time leading living sire of money earners. Mr Jess Perry sired the winners of $3 million in 2016, and his leading earner was A Revenant with $604,800 in 2016. Mr Jess Perry is also the 2016 leading broodmare sire, with his daughters producing the winners of over $9 million in 2016, including EC Jet One ($1,251,209).

Mr Jess Perry is by Streakin La Jolla by Streakin Six. The dam of Streakin La Jolla is Bottom’s Up by Raise Your Glass TB and out of La Jolla by St Bar. The dam of Mr Jess Perry is Scoopie Fein by Sinn Fein by Three Oh’s.

Raise Your Glass carries the blood of Teddy through his sire Raise A Native, whose dam was Raise You by Case Ace by Teddy. The dam of Raise Your Glass is Champagne Woman by Barbizon, who is was out of Good Blood by Bull Lea by Bull Dog by Teddy. St Bar was out of Bella St Mary by Spotted Bull TB by Bull Dog by Teddy. Three Oh’s is by Three Chicks and out of Oh My Oh by Spotted Bull TB by Bull Dog by Teddy.

Jess Send Candy is the dam of 8 foals/starters/ROM with four stakes winners. Her big money earner is Jess Good Candy, the 2015 All American Futurity-G1 winner and the 2015 Champion 2 Year Old and Champion 2-Year-Old Colt.

Jess Good Candy came back at three to win the Mr Master Bug Handicap and the Ruidoso Derby-G1. He also won his trial to the All American Derby-G1, but came up short not and did not qualify to the finals. He was retired at the end of 2016, undefeated in his eight starts with earnings of $2,014,703.

Good Reason SA is the sire of Jess Good Candy, who is a full-brother to racing ROM earner Mr Candy Reason. They were both foaled in 2013. Good Reason SA was the 2011 Champion Aged Stallion with wins in the Champion of Champions-G1 and Los Alamitos Winter Championship-G2. He raced for three years and was a stakes winner in each of his years on the track, with victories in the 2009 Los Alamitos Two Million Futurity-G1 at two and the Golden State Derby-G1 at three. 

Good Reason SA is by Thoroughbred Horse of the Year Favorite Trick, by Phone Trick and out of Evil Elaine by Medieval Man. Teddy appears in the pedigree of Favorite Trick through his sire and dam. His crosses come from Phone Trick, by Clever Trick, who shows Teddy in his sire Icecapade, who is out of Shenanigans, out of Bold Irish by Fighting Fox by Sir Gallahad III by Teddy. Over The Phone, the dam of Phone Trick, is by Finnegan whose dam is Last Wave by Bull Lea by Bull Dog by Teddy. The dam of Over The Phone is Prattle by Mr Busher, who is by War Admiral and out of Baby League out of La Troienne by Teddy. The dam of Prattle is Tsumani, who is out of Ocean Brief by Roman by Sir Gallahad III.

Queen Of Appeals, the dam of Good Reason SA, is by First Down Dash and out of Totally Illegal by Tolltac by Beduino TB. Totally Illegal is out of Azures Marge by A Zure Request by Azure Te TB. The dam of Azures Marge is Dynamo Watch by Tiny Watch.

The blood of Teddy in the pedigree of Queen Of Appeals comes from several sources that we have already seen in Dash For Cash; Beduino TB and Tiny Watch. We can add Azure Te to this list of horses that carry the blood of Teddy. Azure Te’s dam Blue One is out of One Bell, whose dam is White Favor by Sir Gallahad III.

Jess Send Candy started her career as a broodmare by producing five foals in 2011 and 2012. They are Jess Send Me Candy, Send Me This Wagon, Send Your Candy, and This Candys Awesome - all born in 2011. The fifth foal was Honeymoon Candy, born in 2012. These foals were all sired by PYC Paint Your Wagon and they account for three of the four 2016 stakes winners out of Jess Send Candy. 

Stakes winner Send Me This Wagon is a 2011 mare that has won three stakes, including the 2014 Canterbury Park Derby and the 2015 Canterbury Distaff Bonus Challenge. Her 2016 stakes win came in the AQHA Members Plus Stakes. She started 2017 with a second in the Charger Bar Handicap-G1. She has 20 total lifetime starts with 10 wins and $179,310 in earnings.

This Candys Awesome is the next stakes winner in this set of foals. She has won five stakes races, including the 2014 Remington Park Oklahoma Bred Derby-RG3, 2015 Decketta Stakes-G3, 2015 Easy Date Handicap, and 2015 Higheasterjet Handicap-G3. Her 2016 stakes win was in the Junos Request Stakes-G2. Her overall record shows that she has 21 starts with 11 wins and earnings of $434,265.

Honeymoon Candy is the only 2012 foal out of Jess Send Candy. She claimed a victory in the 2016 Prairie Meadows Distaff Challenge and was also third in the Remington Park Distaff Challenge-G3. Honeymoon Candy has five wins in 17 starts, with $85,587 earned on the track. 

PYC Paint Your Wagon, the sire of these three stakes winners, is a 4-time stakes winner himself, scoring in the Texas Classic Futurity-G1 and Texas Classic Derby-G1. PYC Paint Your Wagon earned $889,581, with seven wins in sixteen starts. He is the sire of over $26 million, including 90 stakes winners.

PYC Paint Your Wagon is by Corona Cartel and out of Dashin Follies by Strawfly Special. PYC Paint Your Wagon carries the blood of Teddy through such bloodlines as Dash For Cash, Chicks Beduino, Azure Te TB and Strawfly Special. We can also add some Teddy blood through Sizzling Lil, the dam of Corona Chick who is the dam of Corona Cartel. Sizzling Lil is out of Lilsalady TB, who is out of Here’s To Lil who has a breeding pattern of 5 X 5 X 4 to Bull Dog by Teddy. 

One of the observations we can make with Special Effort, Strawfly Special, and Genuine Strawfly is the link these three stallions make to Teddy and his influence today. Special Effort has five crosses to Teddy in 10 generations. This is a percent of blood of 8.79%. Strawfly Special shows 9 crosses to Teddy in 10 generations. This is a percent of blood of 5.89%. This is highest percent of blood between Strawfly Special and any of the stallions in his pedigree that show at least seven crosses to him. Genuine Strawfly shows 16 crosses to Teddy in 10 generations. This is a percent of blood of 4.69%, the third highest percent of blood in the pedigree of Genuine Strawfly to a common ancestor with at least six crosses to him. The top horse on this list is Bull Dog TB by Teddy, with a percent of blood of 5.27% with at least seven crosses to Genuine Strawfly. The great pedigree man Jay Pumphrey believed that any horse in a pedigree that had a percent of blood above 3% had an influence on the individual. 

Foundation Sires

Teddy was born a long time ago, so why is the blood of Teddy and other foundation sires important to our pedigree study today?

The answer to this question begins with the definition of a breed and our understanding of how a breed functions through the horse’s genome. A breed is a group of animals that have common ancestors with common characteristics or genes that are passed down through the generations.

When we look at a pedigree, we will see many crosses to the foundation horses in that pedigree. We see names like Three Bars TB, Leo, Top Deck TB and Depth Charge TB as foundation animals in the pedigrees. Then as we go further back, we see names like Peter McCue, Old Billy, Domino TB, Ben Brush and Teddy TB as foundation sires. It is the genes of these foundation horses that form the common characteristics that make a breed.

This is what we see with Jenuine Joy and Jess Send Candy and the blood of Teddy. When we go back 10 generations in the pedigree of Jenuine Joy, we see that she has 28 crosses to Teddy. She has more crosses to Teddy than any other horse found in her pedigree in all 10 generations. Her son, Imperial Eagle, has 21 crosses in 10 generations. When we look at the pedigree of Jess Send Candy, we see that she has only eight crosses to Teddy in 10 generations, but her son Jess Good Candy has 15 crosses to Teddy in 10 generations. PYC Paint Your Wagon has 14 crosses to Teddy, and when we combine that with Jess Send Candy, it gives the foals of these two 10 crosses to Teddy in 10 generations. 

The identification of the horse’s genome further helps us understand the working of the breed. The horse’s genome tells us that we are working with about 20,000 genes that come together to form the genetic makeup of the individual. These base genes provided by our foundation horses are being recycled in each new generation. Teddy is a part of that process, and he has proven to be significant to the breed with Jenuine Joy and Jess Send Candy, the 2016 Speedhorse Broodmares of the Year.  

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